|Bald and Golden Eagle
Protection Act (16 U.S.C. 668-668C).
- This Act makes it illegal to import, export,
or take bald or golden eagles, or to sell, purchase, or barter their
parts, or products made from them, including their nests or eggs.
Migratory Bird Treaty Act
(16 U.S.C. 703-712).
- Except as allowed by implementing regulations,
this Act makes it unlawful to pursue, hunt, kill, capture, possess,
buy, sell, purchase, or barter any migratory bird, including the
feathers or other parts, nests, eggs, or migratory bird products.
Lacey Act (18 U.S.C. 42; 16
- This Act provides authority to the Secretary
of the Interior to designate injurious wildlife and ensure the humane
treatment of wildlife shipped to the United States. Further, it
prohibits the importation, exportation, transportation, sale, or
purchase of fish and wildlife taken or possessed in violation of
State, Federal, Indian tribal, and foreign laws. The Amendments
strengthen and improve the enforcement of Federal wildlife laws and
improve Federal assistance to the States and foreign governments in
the enforcement of their wildlife laws. Also, the act provides an
important tool in the effort to gain control of smuggling and trade in
illegally taken fish and wildlife.
Marine Mammal Protection
Act (16 U.S.C. 1361-1407).
- This Act establishes a moratorium on the
taking and importation of marine mammals, including parts and
products, and defines Federal responsibility for conservation of
marine mammals, with management authority vested in the Department of
the Interior for the sea otter, walrus, polar bear, dugong, and
Airborne Hunting Act (16 U.S.C.
- Section 13 of the Fish and Wildlife Act of
1956 is commonly referred to as the Airborne Hunting Act, or Shooting
From Aircraft Act, and prohibits taking or harassing wildlife from
aircraft, except when protecting wildlife, livestock, and human health
or safety, as authorized by a Federal- or State-issued license or
National Wildlife Refuge System
Administration Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 668dd-668ee).
- This Act constitutes an "Organic
Act" for the National Wildlife Refuge System by providing
guidelines and directives for administration and management of all
areas in the system including "wildlife refuges, areas for the
protection and conservation of fish and wildlife that are threatened
with extinction, wildlife ranges, game ranges, wildlife management
areas, or waterfowl production areas."
Endangered Species Act (16 U.S.C.
- This Act prohibits the importation,
exportation, taking, and commercialization in interstate or foreign
commerce of fish and wildlife, and plants that are listed as
threatened or endangered species. The Act also implements the
provisions of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered
Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
Antarctic Conservation Act (16
- The purpose of the Act is to provide for the
conservation and protection of the fauna and flora of Antarctica and
of the ecosystem upon which such fauna and flora depend. The primary
prohibitions of the Act make it unlawful for any United States citizen
to take any native bird or mammal in Antarctica or to collect any
native plant from any specially protected area within Antarctica. In
addition, the Act makes it unlawful for any United States citizen or
any foreign person in the United States to possess, sell, offer for
sale, deliver, receive, carry, transport, import, export, or attempt
to import or export from the United States any native mammal or bird
taken in Antarctica or any plant collected in any specially protected
African Elephant Conservation Act
(16 U.S.C. 4201-4245).
- The purpose of the Act is to provide
additional protection for the African elephant. The Act establishes an
assistance program to elephant producing countries of Africa and
provides for the establishment of an African Elephant Conservation
Fund. In addition, the Act places a moratorium on the importation of
raw or worked ivory from African elephant producing countries that do
not meet certain criteria found in the Act.
Wild Bird Conservation Act of
1992 (16 U.S.C. 4901).
- The act promotes the conservation of exotic
birds by encouraging wild bird conservation and management programs in
countries of origin; by ensuring that all trade in such species
involving the United States is biologically sustainable and to the
benefit of the species; and by limiting or prohibiting imports of
exotic birds when necessary to ensure that exotic wild populations are
not harmed by removal for the trade.